Your local Dental Office in Stratford CT probably specializes in one of the biggest problems of oral health: Gum disease. Although dentists see this as a major problem, most patients ignore it until they it’s diagnosed in the clinic. This is because these diseases can affect people without causing any pain. Gum disease is classified as an issue affecting the periodontium (the area around the tooth), altering bone support that holds the tooth, which can lead to tooth loss. Gum disease initially manifests as gingivitis and then becomes periodontitis (periodontal disease).
Gingivitis is characterized by inflammation of the gingiva without involvement of the bone surrounding the tooth. It manifests as a red, edematous gingiva that bleeds easily. It is one of the most common human diseases, very common in all age groups (up to 75% of young people 20 to 25 have the disease). It’s very important to cure gingivitis early, because if you do not it can turn into periodontitis. And most importantly, at this level, the disease is reversible and can be eliminated by daily brushing and flossing.
Periodontitis is characterized by destruction of the bone supporting the tooth, ending eventually in complete tooth loss if not treated. It clinically manifests as inflamed gingiva with the presence of periodontal pockets (spaces formed under the gum). Periodontitis is very rare in young people and adolescents. In fact, there is only one case in every 10,000 people. However, its frequency increases with age (10% between 30 and 40 years; 25-30% between 50-60 years).
What is the cause of periodontal disease (periodontitis)?
This is caused by a bacteria that accumulates in dental plaque, which is glued around the teeth and, if not eliminated, is inserted between the tooth and gum. These bacteria create toxins that damage and inflame the gums. It will then move below the gums, migrating through the tooth root, destroying the bone that holds the teeth.
Certain conditions are detrimental to the development of periodontitis, such as:
* Genetics (some people particularly susceptible to periodontitis)
* Using tobacco
* Pregnancy, puberty and menopause
* Drugs (oral contraceptives, antidepressants and certain heart medications can favor the development)
* Grinding or clenching teeth tightly
* Other systemic diseases
To ensure you have a healthy smile, visit your Dental Office in Stratford CT regularly. It’s important to schedule regular checkups and professional cleanings. For more information schedule an appointment with Larry I Gottlieb DDS today.